How are crime control and social welfare entangled? Use the example of surveillance to illustrate your answer.
I will primarily describe what crime control and social welfare are; giving examples of the types of ways they are achieved and maintained. Then talking about social needs, and outlining one need, and then expanding on it and using the example of surveillance to illustrate my answer. I will highlight where crime control and social welfare points are and how they are entangled, concluding drawing my points together.
Social welfare is concerned with the distribution of resources, who gets the, how they’re shared and the impact of them. They are concerned with areas of social policy like education, health and social care, and employment. It tends to be arranged into 4 areas, these are government based provisions like the NHS, or family, friends and voluntary and charitable organisations (Manning, 2012). Policies in these areas decide what access people have to these resources. Crime control is concerned with how societies answer the problems of social disorder, using organisations like the police to deter and resolve disorder and the court systems to reprimand those who transgress desired social norms. Social norms are things such as not breaking the law because it is largely seen as socially unacceptable to do so, however, as with both, they are complex, multifaceted and shifting. Depending on the place, and also time, these social norms can change, as can policies that influence them. (Yeates, 2015)
One of society’s biggest needs is the need to be, and to feel secure. Surveillance can provide this security by means of welfare and crime control. Surveillance by definition is-
“1. Close observation of a person or group, especially one under suspicion.
2. The act of observing or the condition of being observed.” (Freedictionary.com).
Surveillance can be used in two ways; these are, to watch out for people, or to watch over them. This is a fluid…