Buss3 Revision Notes

Posted by admin on December 18, 2017 in Articles

Understanding Financial Objectives
Financial Aims: the broad, general goals of the finance and accounting function or department within an organization.
Financial Objectives: the specific, focused targets of the finance and accounting department within an organization.
Financial Strategies: long-term or medium term plans, devised at senior management level, and designed to achieve the firm’s financial objectives.
Financial Tactics: short-term financial measures adopted to meet the needs of a short-term threat or opportunity.
Financial Objectives
The examples set out below illustrate the types of financial objective that a business might pursue;
Cash Flow
Many businesses get into financial difficulties because of lack of cash flow rather than lack of overall profitability. Consequently, it is vital that businesses set themselves cash-flow targets to ensure they are able to keep operating. E.g.
–        Maintaining a minimum closing monthly cash balance, for example a minimum cash balance of ?10,000 would be a sensible target for a small newsagents
–        Reducing the bank overdraft by a certain sum by the end of the year
§ For new start-up companies, it is likely an overdraft will be needed to support everyday expenses
§ Interest means it is not advisable to sustain an overdraft, therefore businesses may set objectives with this in mind
–        Creating a more even spread of sales revenue
–        Spreading costs more evenly
–        Achieving a certain level of liquid, non-cash items
–        Raising certain levels of cash at a particular point in time
–        Setting contingency funds
Cost Minimization
A business that reduces its costs can benefit in two ways; keeping prices the same therefore having a higher profit margin, or reducing the selling price to attract more customers. E.g.
–        Achieving a certain cost reduction in the purchase of raw materials
–        Reducing wage costs per unit
–        Lowering levels of…